Not Helpful 38 Helpful Not Helpful 54 Helpful These are some examples of the beginning of a summary: Not Helpful 29 Helpful You start of a summary with the title of the book and the author. Not Helpful 12 Helpful No, just use the appropriate words to convey a chronological order, for example words like "first," "second," "then," "finally," etc.
Not Helpful 19 Helpful What if the book has a lot of characters that are only mentioned once or twice? If they are minor characters then you shouldn't include them in your summary. Decide on whether the character is important to the storyline. You'll probably just need to focus on the main characters to write an effective summary. Not Helpful 30 Helpful A summary's length depends on the passage you're summarizing.
If it's a short article or story, then it should just be one long paragraph. If it's a novel, however, 3 to 5 paragraphs should be enough. So really, it depends on the passage. Not Helpful 34 Helpful Yes it is obligatory, because readers of your summary must have a possibility to easily find and read the original text, that you have summarised.
Not Helpful 39 Helpful How do I write a summary if I have to state three specific things? Answer this question Flag as How can I write summary of three articles supporting same viewpoint in one essay? What type of heading is normally used in an article summary? Should I include cited examples in my summary? Can I replace pronoun with a noun in summary? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
MB Munazza Batool May 21, I found this on wikiHow and it really helped me very much. NS Nalini Sengupta Feb 27, Details of summarizing have been dealt with. Examples have been included. I am a teacher and appreciate this help. This site always uses accurate and easy-to-follow information. Please keep making wonderful articles! S Schwinster Oct 22, In fact it was quiet helpful. LS Lal Savage Oct 19, PR Prerana Rai Jul 18, Now I definitely can write a pretty decent summary.
A Anonymous Oct 4, JG Jamie Gale Oct 20, Thank you for helping me wikiHow. This is the best. AM Aftab Messih Nov 19, AM Amy Miller Feb 21, MF Mariam Farag Jul 28, BA Barry Allen Nov 7, AK Abdelreahman Khalid Oct 7, A Anonymous Oct 7, DA Dirk Anderson Sep 7, JL Jacob Lamprecht Nov 5, EC Eunice Canfield Nov 18, RR Rameen Rafiq Oct 30, More success stories All success stories Hide success stories.
Thanks for letting us know. Help answer questions Learn more. I especially liked the chart. However, please change adjective to adverbs. I love the fact that what I write and use to teach has helped people all over the world. I'm approaching 8 million views now! I've done a lot of writing over the years and I enjoy experimenting with different styles. This my second semester in the university and I have to write. Analysis essay I find your site very helpful for me.
Since I started writing online in , I've been amazed to see people from all over the world reading my work and being helped by the information I've developed for my students at college here in the United States. Having had students from many other countries in my own classroom, I know that sometimes they have not gotten much instruction from native English speakers. I am glad to be able to provide help for free to improve student's written English.
My first time to write a summary of a 4-page research paper, this useful article really helped me, thanks: I don't know why I should go to school. This is the right place. It's helping me in my English composition 2 class. Hi Ed, I'm not sure what your instructor means by writing with authority. They may mean they want you to quote reliable, authoritative sources. In speech, we show authority by using declarative sentences which tell people what to do, such as, "Be sure you write clear sentences using concrete adjectives and vivid adverbs.
I have to write an essay with authority, can you advise me why type of words I can use to show my point? By the way the topic is dealing Information Technology.
Thanks yakul for your comment. As a writer, I know I am always learning and improving too! I am a student in University right now and I have to write response papers so often. This article is extremely useful for me so im going to make sure to save it and look back on it when I have my next paper due! Aesta--glad to know this helped you. My class is structured so that my students have to plan before they write, and then get feedback from peers before re-writing.
Many of them don't like that process because they want to get it all done in one sitting, but after they have gone through this process for a semester, they begin to realize that stopping to organize their thoughts first often means that the writing goes much more quickly.
In the end, it takes less time! Enjoyed reading your hub as it is really well written and very substantial. I need to digest this information and start applying this in my work. I often just write spontaneously, no outline, and I organize this after. Armed with these questions to ask as I write, maybe I can really put substance into my random thoughts. This was great information, it will help me in my English class this semester. Organization is key in writing a good summary and response.
Organised Kaos--do you really live in Tasmania? That seems like a fairy tale place to me. Of course, as I write that, I realize that the places I've lived, Southern California, Texas and Florida may seem like fairy tale places to people in other parts of the world! Good luck on your college career. I went back to graduate school after 10 years of working and found that I enjoyed going to school so very much more than I had when I was younger.
I actually enjoyed the chance to learn things. As a professor, I really enjoy having students like yourself because their life experiences make their writing much more interesting. Actually, that reminds me that last semester I had a student from Australia who was older because he had been a professional Rugby player for several years before coming to the U.
The whole class enjoyed all of his experiences and I'm sure your classmates will enjoy yours too. The little bit broken off the bottom of AUS. Thanks for a great hub. Just about to go back to college after 20 years and am a little nervous about having forgotten this kinda stuff.
Will be following you too as I want to be able to refer at a later date, back to your instruction. How interesting Maddie--thanks for letting me know. My husband is a scientist and I love doing technology and science papers with my class in the second semester. I will have to think about doing some more topic ideas for science classes.
This page is a great method to connect to others. Congratulations on a job well achieved. I am anticipating your next. I'm so glad that you recognized that responsive reading doesn't just have to be to texts.
Anything that provides us something to think about can be put into a responsive reading. You've reminded me that I need to add my own Hub which responded to a Harvard Study on the effect of going to 4th of July celebrations to my links.
Thank you for this interesting and helpful hub. I have bookmarked it. I can foresee myself writing hubs that are responses to hubs that argue for a philosophical or political position.
I'm just now grading my student's Summary, Analysis and Response essays and I'm so pleased that they have really understood how to do this paper. I'm hoping my directions this semester have been clearer. We did two days of peer editing, which I think helped. This paper is similar to the Reading Response paper, and both of these Hubs are are the very top in number of hits, so I think that many people have trouble on these essays and the textbooks don't always describe them well.
Yes--I should add that to the hub. Glad I helped you nico! My class is just starting on this essay now and so I was looking at my Hubviews and very surprised to find this one had over 3,! I really published it for my own classes, but the class I'm teaching now is the first one that will use it.
Guess there are a lot of other people out there needing help! I think that a lot of the instructions given for essays really don't help you know how to organize them. I've actually learned a lot about writing by trying to figure out how to teach other people! Other product and company names shown may be trademarks of their respective owners. HubPages and Hubbers authors may earn revenue on this page based on affiliate relationships and advertisements with partners including Amazon, Google, and others.
Steps in Writing These are the steps to writing a great summary: Read the article, one paragraph at a time. For each paragraph, underline the main idea sentence topic sentence. If you can't underline the book, write that sentence on your computer or a piece of paper. When you finish the article, read all the underlined sentences. In your own words, write down one sentence that conveys the main idea.
Start the sentence using the name of the author and title of the article see format below. Continue writing your summary by writing the other underlined sentences in your own words.
Remember that you need to change both the words of the sentence and the word order. For more information, see video below. Don't forget to use transition words to link your sentences together. See my list of transition words below to help you write your summary more effectively and make it more interesting to read.
Make sure you include the name of the author and article and use "author tags" see list below to let the reader know you are talking about what the author said and not your own ideas.
Does it flow well? Are there too many details? Your summary should be as short and concise as possible. Sample Format Author Tag: Here are three examples of how to do that pay close attention to the punctuation: Here is a sample sort of sentence: Author Tag List Author's Name.
Different ways to indicate who said what and how, and where. Sample Essays Men and Women in Conversation: Example response essay to Deborah Tannen's article about how divorce can be prevented if people learn the communication signals of the opposite gender.
Response Essay about Getting a Tattoo: Responds to a personal experience article from the New York Times about a man who gets a dragon tattoo. The Year that Changed Everything: Sample paper written by a college English class about an article by Lance Morrow suggesting that three lesser-known events of had a great impact on history. Transition Words List Contrast. Are you doing this paper for English History Psychology Other class--tell us in comments below See results.
Analysis How is this written? Who is the audience? Is it effectively written for that audience? Using TRACE for Analysis Sometimes, especially when you're just getting started writing, the task of fitting a huge topic into an essay may feel daunting and you may not know where to start. Step by Step Sample Each of the following elements can be one paragraph of your analysis.
Text How is the essay organized? What is effective or ineffective about the organization of the essay? How does the author try to interest the reader? How well does the author explain the main claims? Are these arguments logical? Do the support and evidence seem adequate? Is the support convincing to the reader? Does the evidence actually prove the point the author is trying to make? Author Who is the author? What does he or she know about this subject? What is the author's bias? Is the bias openly admitted?
Does that make his or her argument more or less believable? Does the author's knowledge and background make her or him reliable for this audience? How does the author try to relate to the audience and establish common ground? How does the author interest the audience? Does she or he make the reader want to know more? Does the author explain enough about the history of this argument? Is anything left out? Reader Who is the reader?
How would they react to these arguments? How is this essay effective or ineffective for this audience? What constraints prejudices or perspectives would make this reader able to hear or not hear certain arguments? What is the exigence events in this moment in time which affect the need for this conversation that makes the audience interested in this issue? Sample Analysis Format Text: How do you write your papers?
Brainstorm a lot, then start writing. Make an outline before writing. Just start writing, then revise Pre-write, outline, write, revise. I just write one draft and turn it in! What do you think? Does this article persuade you? How to Write Generally, your response will be the end of your essay, but you may include your response throughout the paper as you select what to summarize and analyze.
Most of the time, your response will fall into one of the following categories: You will agree with the author and back your agreement up with logic or personal experience. You will disagree with the author because of your experience or knowledge although you may have sympathy with the author's position. You will agree with part of the author's points and disagree with others. You will agree or disagree with the author but feel that there is a more important or different point which needs to be discussed in addition to what is in the article.
How will this article fit into your own paper? How will you be able to use it? Questions to Help You Here are some questions you can answer to help you think about your response: What is your personal reaction to the essay? What common ground do you have with the author? How are your experiences the same or different from the author's and how has your experience influenced your view? What in the essay is new to you?
Do you know of any information the article left out that is relevant to the topic? What in this essay made you re-think your own view? What does this essay make you think about?
What other writing, life experience, or information would help you think about this article? How much of your response is related to your personal experience? How much is related to your own worldview? How is this feeling related to the information you know? How will this information be useful for you in writing your own essay? What position does this essay support? Or where might you use this article in your essay?
Sample Format You can use your answers to the questions above to help you formulate your response. Here is a sample of how you can put this together into your own essay for more sample essays, see the links above: Compare your summary with the article and ask yourself these questions: Have I made the main point of the article clear?
Do I explain what the author of the article wanted the reader to think, do, or believe? Do I give all the main reasons for the author to write this article? After the salutation, you I have to summarize and respond to an article. How would i start my thesis?
Your thesis is the main idea of the article and your main response to it. Hi Virginia, Thank you so much for the amazing information. I have a question for you. I really enjoyed this page and found the examples very helpful! Appreciated for your effort! It does helped me a lot! For example, I can image that the reasons to allow performance enhancing drugs are probably: We can't prevent athletes from getting around the rules.
We have better athletic contests if we allow drugs. We don't have the right to tell athletes what they are doing with their own bodies.
Your summary essay should serve as a substitute for the original source; by reading your summary essay, a reader should be able to develop an understanding of the original work. This type of essay is about summarizing the original text, not criticizing it.
Aug 16, · Continue writing your summary by writing the other underlined sentences in your own words. Remember that you need to change both the words of the sentence and the word order. For more information, see video giruvakone.mls:
Writing Effective Summary and Response Essays. The Summary: A summary is a concise paraphrase of all the main ideas in an essay. Writing the Summary Essay: A summary essay should be organized so that others can understand the source or evaluate your comprehension of it. The following format works well: Introduction (usually one paragraph) 1. Contains a one-sentence thesis statement that sums up the main point of the source.
Summary is indispensable in preparing for and writing an argumentative essay. When you summarize a text (or describe visual material), you distill the ideas of another source for use in your own essay. Summarizing primary sources allows you . Writing a summary and review essay of an article strengthens a reader's critical thinking skills. It allows the reader to fully understand what the article is about, and why this is important. An article may share new information, express the author's opinions on a popular topic or tell someone’s story. By writing a.