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Sample Argumentative Research Paper Outline

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❶You can accomplish this goal by presenting yourself as confident, fair, and approachable. You can make your outline as detailed or as scant as you want.

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An outline will help you to clarify the order in which you will present your claims. Include your thesis in the introduction, and remember that your claim paragraphs will form the bulk of the body of your essay. Your conclusion should be a synthesis of the information you have presented and can also summarize your stance on the issue. Your outline can be created as a simple list of bullet points.

Alternately, you may choose to use index cards or a visual template for organizing your ideas. Your individual claims should further persuade your reader to agree with your arguments for or against immigration. Present your claims by starting with your thesis and providing essential background details to your reader. Each claim paragraph should include a topic sentence. The topic sentence states a claim that further advances your argument for or against immigration. Support each claim by providing at least one piece of evidence drawn from your research.

Ways to support your claims include providing facts and statistics, citing historical references, newsworthy events and direct quotations from experts on immigration. Depending on the word count requirements for your paper, you may include as many claim paragraphs as necessary to advance your argument. Your conclusion should summarize your thesis without repeating it. Next, begin the editing process on your first draft. Continue developing your cluster until you have explored as many connections as you can.

Respond to each question in as much detail as you can. Think about how you will incorporate ethos, pathos, and logos. An argumentative essay requires you to demonstrate your understanding of three basic rhetorical concepts: You will need to be aware of these concepts as you write your paper and demonstrate your knowledge of them through your writing. To convince your readers that your argument is valid, you need to convince them that you are trustworthy.

You can accomplish this goal by presenting yourself as confident, fair, and approachable. You can achieve these objectives by avoiding wishy-washy statements, presenting information in an unbiased manner, and identifying common ground between yourself and your readers including the ones that may disagree with you. Pathos refers to your use of emotional appeals. Emotional appeals have a place in argumentative writing, but overuse of them may lead a reader to reject your argument.

Make sure that your use of emotional appeals is minimal and appropriate. You can also invoke pathos by providing relevant examples that evoke an emotional response in your readers and using figurative language such as metaphors to help your readers understand and sympathize with your point of view.

Logos refers to your use of logic, reasoning, and sequencing. This means setting up your argument in a way that uses logic to achieve your desired endpoint or reaction, often through inductive and deductive reasoning. Develop your tentative thesis. Once you have developed your ideas for your argumentative essay, you should be ready to write a tentative thesis statement. In other words, the tentative thesis statement is not set in stone.

Effective thesis statements let readers know what the main focus of a paper is going to be. For an argumentative essay, the thesis should state an arguable claim. A thesis should not be more than one sentence in length. The end of the first paragraph is the traditional place to provide your thesis in an academic essay. Make sure your thesis is arguable. Your thesis should express a clear position on your topic that can be supported using evidence from your sources.

Do not state facts or matters of taste. For example, something like "George Washington was the first president of the United States," would not be a good thesis because it states a fact. Likewise, "Die Hard is a great movie," would not work because it expresses a matter of taste. There are many possibilities for a counter argument, which makes this topic arguable.

Make sure your thesis provides enough detail. In addition to having a thesis that is arguable, you should also include some details about why you hold the position. In other words, you should avoid simply saying that something is bad and should be changed and provide a bit of detail about why it is bad and should be changed. Who would benefit if it was changed? Providing this detail gives readers a good sense of what the rest of the paper will discuss.

Your thesis should tell your reader why your argument matters, and for whom. Develop a rough outline based on your research notes. Writing an outline before you begin drafting your argumentative essay will help you to organize your information more effectively.

You can make your outline as detailed or as scant as you want. Just keep in mind that the more detail you include in your outline, the more material you will have ready to put into your paper.

For example, part 1 might be your introduction, which could then be broken into three sub-parts: Generate key terms and phrases to help you with your research. As you develop key terms, keep your topic and your position in mind. For example, some relevant key terms and phrases for a paper on lowering the drinking age to 18 might be: Find appropriate secondary sources for your argumentative essay.

In order to find support for your argument, you will need to gather a variety of sources. See your assignment guidelines or ask your instructor if you have questions about what types of sources are appropriate for your assignment. Books, articles from scholarly journals, magazine articles, newspaper articles, and trustworthy websites are some sources that you might consider using. These databases provide you with free access to articles and other resources that you cannot usually gain access to by using a search engine.

Evaluate your sources to determine their credibility. Use trustworthy sources only in your argumentative essay, otherwise you will damage your own credibility as an author.

There are several things that you will need to consider in order to determine whether or not a source is trustworthy. The credentials should indicate something about why this person is qualified to speak as an authority on the subject. For example, an article about a medical condition will be more trustworthy if the author is a medical doctor.

If you find a source where no author is listed or the author does not have any credentials, then this source may not be trustworthy. If the author has provided few or no sources, then this source may not be trustworthy. How often does the tone indicate a strong preference for one side of the argument?

If these are regular occurrences in the source, then it may not be a good choice. Noting the publication date is especially important for scientific subjects, since new technologies and techniques have made some earlier findings irrelevant. If the information that this author presents contradicts one of your trustworthy sources, then it might not be a good source to use in your paper.

Once you have gathered all of your sources, you will need to read them. Make sure that you read your sources very carefully and that you stay focused on your topic as you read. Read the sources multiple times if necessary and make sure that you fully understand what each source is about. You should be able to summarize the source in your own words and generate a response to the source. To be certain that you understand your sources and that you are capable of responding to each of them, try writing a paragraph summary and response after you finish each one.

Some people find keeping notecards on their sources to be a helpful way of organizing their ideas about each one. Give yourself plenty of time to read your sources and understand what they are saying. Take notes while you read your sources. You will be taking a strong stance either for or against gun control. Your claim will help you to establish your main thesis. You will include this thesis in the introduction paragraph.

Start by reading a variety of information about different perspectives on gun control. For example, you may write your research paper on whether or not you think gun control should be more or less enforced by the government, or whether or not you think gun control has beneficial or detrimental influences on society.

When you narrow your topic, you can begin researching to provide evidence to support your stance on the issue. Once you have a working persuasive thesis, you may begin to research your topic. Find at least four reliable references to support your position on gun control and take note of key issues and ideas. You may highlight or bookmark key facts and quotations that will be used as persuasive evidence for each of your claim paragraphs.

Remember that you are collecting evidence to directly support your own perspective on the issue. After gathering evidence from your research, begin writing. Start with an outline by first identifying at least three individual persuasive claims to support your stance. These claims will become the topic sentences for each claim paragraph in your paper. An outline will help you to identify the order in which you will present your persuasive claims.


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Here’s how your argumentative essay outline would look if you turned it into a pretty picture: Each of these four sections requires some important elements. Let’s break those down now. Argumentative Essay Outline Section 1: Your Intro. Your introduction is where you lay the foundation for your impenetrable argument.

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Types of Papers: Argument/Argumentative While some teachers consider persuasive papers and argument papers to be basically the same thing, it’s usually safe to assume that an argument paper presents a stronger claim—possibly to a more resistant audience.

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Argument Essay #4. Click Here to View Essay "A Deadly Tradition" (PDF Document) Sample Argument Essay #5. Click Here to View Essay "Society Begins at Home" (PDF Document) Sample Argument Essay #6. To find good topic for an argument essay, consider several issues and choose a few that spark at least two solid, conflicting points of view. As you look over a list of topics, find one that really piques your interest. If you're not interested in the .

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Sample Argumentative Research Paper Outline Thesis statement: Are badgers really that big a problem for Pleasantville? Though they do slow us down, and they may be a little too comfy entering our homes, there are benefits to having the creatures around, too. This article introduces five steps to follow when writing an argumentative research paper on immigration. The goal of this argumentative research paper is to take a clear stance on the topic of immigration and persuade your reader that your interpretation is viable by referencing reliable sources.