Place the title in quotation marks if it's a short work e. In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title of the article appears in the parenthetical citation which corresponds to the full name of the article which appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry in the Works Cited.
Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page.
The Works Cited entry appears as follows:. Sometimes more information is necessary to identify the source from which a quotation is taken. For instance, if two or more authors have the same last name, provide both authors' first initials or even the authors' full name if different authors share initials in your citation.
For a source with three or fewer authors, list the authors' last names in the text or in the parenthetical citation:.
For a source with more than three authors, use the work's bibliographic information as a guide for your citation. Provide the first author's last name followed by et al. If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others.
Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks. Citing two articles by the same author: Additionally, if the author's name is not mentioned in the sentence, you would format your citation with the author's name followed by a comma, followed by a shortened title of the work, followed, when appropriate, by page numbers:.
To cite multiple sources in the same parenthetical reference, separate the citations by a semi-colon:. Common sense and ethics should determine your need for documenting sources. You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge. Remember, this is a rhetorical choice, based on audience.
If you're writing for an expert audience of a scholarly journal, for example, they'll have different expectations of what constitutes common knowledge.
How do I cite within my MLA paper? Toggle action bar FAQ Actions. Print Tweet Share on Facebook Was this helpful? General Guidelines The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1. Print, Web, DVD and 2. Any source information that you provide in-text must correspond to the source information on the Works Cited page.
Find the full citation for the original work that this citation is coming from. It should be available in the Bibliography or Works Cited page of the quoting document. Include the appropriate addition to the in-text citation to show that you are citing an indirect source. This differs based on the citation system. Although MLA discourages indirect sources, if used, the parenthetical citation should use "qtd. For APA format, add "as cited in" before the typical in-text citation of author, year, and page number.
The Chicago system of citation calls for the original source of the quotation to be cited when the citation is used. Add a citation for both the work that the citation is coming from and the source of the original text in both APA and MLA formats. For the original source, add "Quoted in author's name of the citing work " to the end of the citation to show where the information came from.
In Chicago style, the original source is cited and then followed by "Quoted In" and then immediately followed by the citation for the work in which the citation was found. In Chicago, the citations for both works are considered one citation and go on one line.
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Citing a source within your research paper is crucial, in that it strengthens the credibility of your writing and lets you avoid being accused of plagiarizing. There are many ways to cite your source within a research paper; one of the most common is the MLA in-text parenthetical citation method.
MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited page.
MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. When citing sources in an MLA Style thesis or dissertation, you'll need to follow two different formats. In-text citations are references to sources that you make within the main text of your paper. "Works Cited" is a separate page at the end of your paper where you list every reference source you used in the paper.
Add a citation for both the work that the citation is coming from and the source of the original text in both APA and MLA formats. For the original source, add "Quoted in (author's name of the citing work)" to the end of the citation to show where the information came from. The citation information in the body of the paper itself is called the "in-text citation”. The most obvious time to use an in-text citation is when you use a quote from a source directly or refer to it by title or author.